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National News: Thousands gather to break ground for King memorial Black Habits Articles WASHINGTON (Reuters) - President George W. Bush and civil rights leaders on Monday broke ground for a memorial to Martin Luther King, the first monument to an African-American on the National Mall.

"The King Memorial will stand on a piece of ground between the Jefferson and Lincoln memorials and, by its presence in this place, it will unite the men who declared the promise of America and defended the promise of America with the man who redeemed the promise of America," Bush said.

Nearly 5,000 people, including TV talk show host Oprah Winfrey, former President Bill Clinton and poet Maya Angelou braved the cold to celebrate the life of the Nobel Peace Prize winner.

Speakers quoted King's sermons and speeches and paid tribute to his belief that non-violent protest could help end discrimination against black Americans.

"As we turn these shovels we are just beginning to turn the dirt, and as we turn this dirt at this ground, let us go back to our communities and turn the dirt there," said former King aide Andrew Young, urging attendees to continue the slain leader's work against racism, poverty and violence.

Democrat Barack Obama from Illinois, the only African-American in the U.S. Senate and a possible presidential candidate in 2008, wondered what to tell his daughters when they visit the monument.

"I will tell them this man gave his life serving others," Obama said. "I will tell them this man tried to love somebody. I will tell them that because he did those things they live today, with the freedom God intended, their citizenship unquestioned, their dreams unbounded."

Construction officially begins on the crescent-shaped four-acre (1.6 hectare) site in the spring and is scheduled to be completed in 2008.

The memorial's centerpiece will be a "stone of hope," a boulder engraved with King's image and words from his "I Have a Dream" speech, which he delivered on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in 1963.

Organizers have already raised $63 million toward the estimated $100 million cost of the project, which is located on the National Mall, a large park at the center of Washington that contains memorials to presidents and the nation's wars.

When the memorial is finished, 40 years will have passed since King was shot to death on the balcony of a hotel in Memphis, Tennessee. By then, the 39-year-old Baptist minister had helped boycott buses in Alabama to change segregation laws and led demonstrations that pressured Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act.

Note: By Lisa Lambert
Posted on Thursday, November 23 @ 14:19:59 UTC by jcohen

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